Scrum in Project Management
Scrum is an agile framework for project management that aims to optimize projects and was originally used extensively in software development. It is now also very popular in other industries and is used for a wide variety of projects.
The framework is based on an agile, incremental and iterative approach with short learning cycles and flat hierarchies. Specific roles, events and work items as well as the interaction between them are defined in a guideline. Scrum is therefore a very flexible framework that can be individually adapted.
Scrum teams usually consist of a maximum of 10 people. There are three central roles within the team:
- Product Owner: He is primarily responsible for analyzing business, customer and market requirements. The product value should be maximized and for this reason he prioritizes development work and defines product goals. The product owner also creates the product backlog, reviews it continuously and adjusts it.
- Scrum Master: The Scrum Master is responsible for the continuous improvement of the team environment and effective working methods. This is achieved, for example, by the Scrum Master ensuring that optimal working conditions are created. He also supports the self-organization of the teams and eliminates challenges.
- Development team: The task of the development team is to realize the product and implement the requirements from the product backlog. The team works in a self-organized manner and is responsible for the technical implementation and quality of the product. The members have a wide range of skills and support each other.
What is the difference to the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)?
Scrum is primarily characterized by self-organization, adaptability and flexibility in small to medium-sized teams. In contrast, the Scaled Agile Framework has a clearly defined structure, consists of several teams and is aimed at scaling practices in large organizations.